lb-ft @ 1500-5250 rpm
104.3 hp per liter
(from Lincoln Press
Release) 2013 MKS Overview
New Lincoln MKS: Refinements Signal Direction for Brand Today,
Better handling, increased power, improved fuel efficiency,
additional standard equipment, more refinement and new technologies
that help drivers reduce accident risks provide luxury customers
with important new reasons to consider Lincoln and its flagship
sedan, the new MKS.
The full-size Lincoln MKS sports an updated, sleeker style for 2013
that headlines a range of improvements that rivals more expensive
NEW LINCOLN MKS HIGHLIGHTS
> Lincoln Drive
Control is an automatic system that delivers an ideal balance of
a smooth ride with confident handling as it intuitively responds
to the driver’s commands and the road itself. Lincoln Drive
Control helps make the 2013 model the most refined and engaging
Additionally, Lincoln Drive Control enables drivers to
purposefully change the on-road personality of the MKS. Moving
the gear selector from Drive to Sport automatically shifts
handling performance, ride firmness, throttle response, shift
feel, steering response and traction control/electronic
stability control parameters
> The Lincoln MKS is the only car in its segment to offer
Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD) as standard equipment. By
monitoring suspension settings up to 500 times per second, the
real-time system adjusts the suspension 20 times per second to
deliver more controlled handling with a smoother ride
> More projected standard horsepower (304 horsepower vs. 274
horsepower for 2012) is coupled with improved fuel economy:
projected 18 mpg city/27 mpg highway, a 2-mpg highway
improvement versus today’s car. The EcoBoost™ 3.5-liter V6 also
produces more horsepower, 365 vs. 355
> Significantly larger brake components increase braking power
and fade resistance while improving pedal feel
> Improving quietness, additional noise barriers and absorbers
are placed in the front wheel wells, around the shock towers,
under the hood and in the trunk. Redesigned exterior rearview
mirrors reduce wind noise
> Expanded SYNC® functionality includes standard Operator Assist
and local Wi-Fi® hotspot capabilities for laptops and tablets
> Collision warning, new Lane Keeping Alert and new Lane Keeping
Aid technologies help warn drivers of potentially dangerous
situations and can help them avoid common accidents
> Exterior styling updates include new grille, hood, front
fenders, HID headlamps, front fascia, 19- and 20-inch aluminum
wheels, decklid, rear fascia, LED tail lamps and exhaust tips
> Newly crafted interior features an all-new instrument panel,
MyLincoln Touch and rich new color schemes complementing new
premium materials and genuine stitching
continuously CONTROLLED DAMPING
Throughout 13 decades of
the automobile’s development, suspension engineers have worked
tirelessly to find an ideal balance between smooth ride and
satisfying, confident handling. Traditionally, smooth-riding cars
have not handled well, and sharp-handling cars have ridden harshly.
The new Lincoln MKS solves this dilemma and stands out as the only
car in its segment to have Continuously Controlled Damping (CCD) as
“The CCD system in the 2013 MKS helps deliver an exciting driving
experience for the driver that is comfortable, smooth and quiet,
while at the same time dynamic and involving,” said Scott Tobin,
Director, Lincoln Product Development.
Standard CCD delivers a more confident drive experience that
introduces a key new Lincoln DNA – the balance of ride comfort and
Regardless of road conditions, drivers will enjoy a markedly
smoother, more controlled ride because CCD is always tuning and
refining the ride quality. The result of some 4,000 hours of
development time, CCD delivers its on-road benefit by significantly
extending the chassis’ capabilities compared to a chassis with
non-adjustable struts and shock absorbers, known as “dampers” by
Compared with the
fixed-rate dampers fitted to the 2012 MKS, the new CCD dampers for
the 2013 MKS offer dramatically expanded control range.
CCD utilizes an array of 46 inputs to feed data to a sophisticated
control unit that continuously monitors more than 23,000 packets of
information per second. Algorithms react to the data by calculating
the optimal damping force every 2 milliseconds or 500 times per
second. The system commands damping force changes 20 times per
second (20Hz). On average, large damper force adjustments (such as
firm to soft) occur in just 11 milliseconds. For engineers,
mechanical actions that occur in less than 13 milliseconds are
considered real-time actions.
The system’s powerful processing speed and fast-acting mechanicals
enable CCD to constantly read the road surface and continuously
adjust damping rates in real time across the three selectable ranges
– Sport, Normal and Comfort. CCD operates so quickly that it can
CCD recognizes, for example, when the car is encountering a pothole
and can instantly tighten damper control to prevent the wheel and
tire from experiencing the full depth of the pothole. Typically, the
damping rate increases by more than 150 percent versus the system’s
softest setting, helping to smooth out an otherwise harsh and
jarring event. The system is so quick that inputs received at the
front wheels are then used to prepare the rear wheels to deliver a
more refined driving experience.
“CCD is always active, and it underpins the expanded dynamic
capabilities of the new MKS,” said Brian Naspinsky, Lincoln Vehicle
Integration engineer. “CCD makes it possible to provide a smoother,
more controlled ride over virtually any road surface in part by
reducing body roll by up to 20 percent. CCD also improves handling.
Understeer on the MKS has been reduced by approximately 25 percent,
so the car feels more eager and ready to respond.”
Lincoln DRIVE CONTROL
“Lincoln Drive Control
is where the magic happens because it pulls all of the car’s
adjustable elements – suspension, steering, engine, and gearbox –
into one harmonized system," explains Mike Celentino, MKS chief
engineer. “With Lincoln Drive Control, the new MKS feels sporty,
nimble and connected, yet the Lincoln ride is still there.”
Lincoln Drive Control is always at work refining the vehicle’s
driving dynamics. Enabled by features including CCD and electric
power-assisted steering, the system continuously integrates handling
performance, ride firmness, throttle response, shift feel, steering
response and traction control/electronic stability control
Additionally, Lincoln Drive Control allows drivers to purposefully
change the on-road personality of the MKS
> Drive mode – When
the gear selector is in Drive, Lincoln Drive Control
automatically delivers the ideal Lincoln ride, balancing comfort
with confident control and handling. Many drivers will find this
setting perfect for everyday driving as it provides a
comfortable drive experience and a direct connection to the road
without sacrificing the composure and smooth expected from a
> Sport mode – When the gear selector is in Sport, Lincoln Drive
Control transforms the vehicle’s personality to deliver a more
performance-oriented driving experience. The following systems
change settings in Sport mode:
> The CCD suspension switches from operating in its comfort
range to its firmest sport range, emphasizing handling
> The electric power-assisted steering recalibrates to provide
more road feel and greater steering effort
> The engine responds more directly to the driver’s inputs
> The transmission upshifts at higher rpms. Downshifts become
more aggressive and the transmission holds gears longer and
during cornering. Additionally, sixth gear is locked out
> The vehicle’s traction control and electronic stability
control settings are modified to allow more spirited driving
“CCD is the core new
technology that makes Lincoln Drive Control possible,” said
Naspinsky. “The system’s struts and shocks have more total range
from firm to soft than a fixed-rate damper. This gives us the
flexibility to offer three distinct suspension settings that gives
the MKS multiple driving personalities that are easy for the driver
The standard engine for 2013 is a more powerful and efficient
3.7-liter V6 that now includes twin independent variable camshaft
timing (Ti-VCT). The ability to vary camshaft timing to optimize the
opening and closing of both the intake and exhaust valves increases
the engine’s responsiveness and efficiency.
Horsepower for 2013 increases to a projected 304 from 274 – up 9
percent. Torque improves to 279 lb.-ft. at 4,000 rpm from 270
lb.-ft. At the same time, projected fuel economy increases for the
3.7-liter-equipped sedan – a 2-mpg improvement on the highway versus
today’s MKS. The 3.7-liter delivers an estimated 18 mpg city/27 mpg
highwayfor the front-wheel drive model and 18/26 mpg with the
The MKS now offers better standard highway mileage than the 2012
Acura RL, Cadillac STS and Mercedes-Benz E-350.
Specific accessory technologies were added to the 3.7-liter V6 to
improve fuel economy performance and efficiency. Active Grille
Shutters open and close depending on engine cooling needs. When
fully closed, the shutters help reduce aerodynamic drag by 6
percent, improving highway fuel economy. A tuned dual-exhaust system
enhances low-end torque. Smart Battery Management also contributes
to improved economy by prioritizing the recharging of the vehicle's
battery at optimum times, such as when the vehicle is coasting.
3.5-liter EcoBoost V6
The premium engine for
2013 remains the twin-turbo 3.5-liter EcoBoost V6, an engine that
provides V8 performance with the fuel economy of a V6. The EcoBoost
V6 earned a place on Ward’s 2010 “10 Best Engines” list the year it
The 3.5-liter gasoline turbo direct-injected (GTDI) engine produces
a projected 365 horsepower at 5,700 rpm and an expansive torque
curve that plateaus at 350 lb.-ft. of torque from 1,500 to 5,250
rpm. Fuel economy of the EcoBoost/all-wheel-drive powertrain is
projected to be 17 mpg city and 25 mpg highway.
The optional EcoBoost V6 is the most powerful V6 among MKS
competitors, producing 55 more horsepower than the Audi A6’s
optional supercharged 3.0-liter V6 and 65 more horsepower than the
BMW 5-Series’ optional turbocharged 3.0-liter I-6.
“The engine combinations for the 2013 Lincoln MKS deliver an
unbeatable combination of more refined power and enhanced fuel
economy,” said Greg Johnson, Lincoln powertrain manager. “The 2013
Lincoln MKS has been engineered to deliver performance feel that’s
smooth, effortless and confident.”
efficient SIX-speed transmissions
The 2013 Lincoln MKS is
equipped with two versions of the six-speed SelectShift Automatic™
transmission, both with steering-wheel-mounted paddle shifters. The
3.7-liter Ti-VCT V6 uses the 6F-50. The more powerful 3.5-liter
EcoBoost uses the heavy-duty 6F-55 which benefits from high-energy
friction materials, a larger ring gear and a specific torque
converter to handle the high torque output of the twin-turbo V6.
These gearboxes offer MKS drivers the choice of fully automatic
operation or manual control. SelectShift won’t second guess the
driver with an override shift. The manual function is truly
controlled by the driver.
All-wheel drive is
standard with the twin-turbo 3.5-liter V6 and optional on the
3.7-liter V6. In good weather, over smooth roads at modest speeds
and when AWD is not needed, the system intelligently routes power
only to the front wheels for improved fuel efficiency.
When driver input or road conditions indicate that slip might occur,
the system sends power to the rear wheels to help prevent tire slip,
for example on rain-soaked or snow-covered roads. Beyond providing
more traction, AWD also improves handling by helping to reduce
understeer, the tendency of the vehicle to “push” in a corner.
A myriad of inputs enables the computer-controlled system
immediately to identify and react in as little as 16 milliseconds to
changing road conditions and driver demands. The amount of torque
sent to the rear axle varies depending on road conditions and
more capable braking system
To match the engine’s
extra power and the suspension’s additional handling capabilities,
Lincoln has significantly upgraded the MKS braking system for 2013,
giving the driver confidence and control.
New vented front discs measure 13.86 inches (352 mm), more than an
inch larger than in the 2012 model. To enhance brake cooling, the
“hat” portion of the front brake disc is also vented, a unique
design developed by Ford Motor Company engineers.
Additionally, the diameter of the rear discs increased by 0.58 of an
inch to 13.58 inches and these are now vented. Brake pad area and
total swept area increased significantly, with each improvement
working together to improve overall braking performance, reduce
brake fade under heavy use and provide the driver with a more direct
and linear braking feel.
The MKS steering system
received a thorough makeover for 2013. The gear ratio is quicker
(15:1 for 2013 vs. 17.1:1 for today’s MKS), making the steering more
immediately responsive at all speeds. Additionally, steering boost
is now electric rather than hydraulic. The new electric
power-assisted steering (EPAS) complements CCD in contributing to
the driver-tunable Lincoln Drive Control experience.
Other enhancements contribute to the system's overall improved
performance. The steering gear is now solid mounted to the chassis's
front subframe. Additionally, a brace has been added under the
vehicle (across the transmission tunnel) to strengthen the
subframe’s mounting points to the chassis.These details help
significantly improve the driver's feeling of being connected to the
road through the steering wheel. Overall steering response for the
2013 MKS is improved by up to 25 percent.
EPAS offers additional benefits. At lower speeds, for example when
parking, EPAS provides additional boost for effortless
maneuverability. At higher speeds, EPAS increases steering effort
and feedback, giving the driver a more precise steering feel.
EPAS replaces the traditional hydraulic-assist power-steering pump
with an electric motor. This helps save fuel because the motor
operates only when assistance is required, unlike the hydraulic
systems that run continuously. EPAS was standard on 2010-12 MKS
models with the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V6, but for 2013, becomes
standard on all MKS models.
Software-based technologies, undetectable by the driver, boost the
capability of EPAS. Pull-drift compensation detects road conditions
such as a crowned surface or crosswinds and adjusts EPAS to
compensate. Active nibble control automatically cancels some
unwanted steering wheel vibrations at interstate speeds. These
actions are designed to give the driver reassurance and maximum
control under all driving conditions.
ACTIVE PARK ASSIST
EPAS is also the primary technology behind the available active park
assist (APA) system.
Once engaged via a switch on the center console, ultrasonic sensors
precisely measure open spaces to find a suitable parallel parking
spot. With a few actions (gear shifting, acceleration and braking),
the MKS steers itself into the open space. The driver retains full
control of throttle, brakes and shifting the entire time the APA is
TORQUE VECTORING CONTROL
Drivers are most likely to notice Lincoln’s new Torque Vectoring
Control (TVC) system when Lincoln Drive Control is set to Sport
Mode. TVC helps the MKS drive through corners with greater balance
TVC individually influences the speed of the front wheels to enhance
cornering agility by mitigating against a dynamic condition
engineers refer to as understeer. When accelerating through corners
and the system detects a drop in traction, TVC precisely applies
brake force to the inside front wheel (that has less grip) causing a
transfer of engine torque to the outside wheel (that has more grip).
This helps keep the MKS tracking on the driver’s intended line
through the corner.
The next generation of
the award-winning SYNC system continues to become easier to use and
more robust in its operation. New, simpler screen designs improve
the user interface. Larger and bolder fonts make screens easier to
read. SYNC's voice recognition experience, powered by Nuance, also
Microsoft’s Windows Embedded Auto software platform continues to be
the operating platform that will deliver faster response times. SYNC
has evolved from a stand-alone module for communication and
entertainment to become a fully integrated operating system for
Lincoln vehicles with MyLincoln Touch.
As a further enhancement to the SYNC experience, the standard system
in the 2013 MKS provides Operator Assist as a standard SYNC Services
feature, allowing users to connect with a live person free of
SYNC also enables the interior of the MKS to become a Wi-Fi hot spot
when linked to a data-enabled cellular device. With active Wi-Fi,
passengers can link to the Web on their tables or laptops.
Lane keeping system
New for the 2013 MKS is
a Lane Keeping System that complements the complete collection of
driver assist technologies, in addition to the comprehensive safety
package including six airbags, anti-lock brakes, traction control
and AdvanceTrac® ESC (electronic stability control).
Coupled to the new Lane Keeping System is Lane Keeping Alert and
Lane Keeping Aid. Together, these technologies add significantly to
the advanced driver assistance features already available on MKS,
including collision warning and BLIS® (Blind Spot Information
System) with cross-traffic alert.
Lane Keeping Alert helps drivers avoid leaving their lane
unintentionally because of distraction or tiredness. When activated
by the driver, Lane Keeping Alert utilizes a forward-facing
mono-vision camera mounted behind the rear-view mirror to begin
looking for lane markers. A control unit monitors the data and
determines when the vehicle is wandering out of its lane. As the
vehicle approaches the outer boundary of its lane, the system
vibrates the steering wheel, reminding the driver to pay attention.
Lane Keeping Alert is dormant when the turn signal is activated or
when the driver is engaged in an evasive maneuver.
Lane Keeping Aid works in concert with Lane Keeping Alert. When
activated by the driver, Lane Keeping Aid will gently add torque to
the steering wheel to nudge the MKS back into its lane if the driver
has drifted too close to the lane’s edge. The system includes the
ability to sense if a driver is driving hands-free. A warning chime
sounds to discourage misuse of the system.
System sensitivity settings are adjustable via the MyLincoln Touch
interface. Neither technology actively prevents lane departures. The
responsibility for the safe vehicle operation remains entirely the
Driver Alert is the third element of the Lane Keeping System. If the
system detects a driving pattern typically exhibited by a drowsy
driver, a first-level chime will sound and a friendly suggestion of
a coffee cup graphic will appear on the left-hand 4.2-inch
instrument cluster LCD screen.
If the driver does not respond and the system continues to sense
that the driver is fatigued, further warnings and chimes will occur.
Conscientious drivers curious about their state of alertness can
monitor their performance any time.
Collision Warning helps
prevent common traffic accidents as forward-looking, long-distance
radar identifies potential obstacles.
When the danger of a collision is detected, the system warns the
driver with an authoritative beep and a simultaneous red warning
light projected on the windshield above the instrument panel.
These warnings should be enough to allow the driver to brake before
a potential accident. Collision warning also provides emergency
brake support which enables harder, quicker deceleration to help
drivers stop or reduce speed to lessen the impact of a collision.
ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL
Collision warning is
paired with adaptive cruise control (ACC) because both features use
the forward-looking radar system. With a range of up to 600 feet,
ACC monitors and adjusts vehicle speed to keep it at a safe distance
behind another vehicle in the same lane, even in fog or heavy rain.
The sophisticated radar system and control module ignores stationary
objects as it determines the closing rate toward the vehicle ahead
to determine whether it is necessary to automatically adjust the
engine throttle setting or engage the braking system. Able to work
at just 20 mph, drivers can set the system to work during normal
commuting, helping reduce driver fatigue.
BLIND SPOT INFORMATION SYSTEM
Blind Spot Information
System (BLIS®) with cross-traffic alert can detect vehicles in blind
spots during normal driving as well as traffic approaching from the
sides when the driver is reversing out of parking spots.
BLIS uses radar sensors to continuously monitor each side of the
vehicle to detect when another vehicle enters the defined blind spot
zone (within 45 feet). A light appears on the corresponding sideview
mirror to indicate another vehicle is in the defined blind spot.
On models without optional BLIS, standard spotter mirrors feature an
integrated mirror facet that provides a clear view of anything in a
traditional blind spot of a typical exterior rearview mirror.
MyKey® allows parents or other concerned owners to restrict certain
Lincoln MKS features when in the hands of a MyKey driver.
Owners simply program the vehicle key through the message center to
incorporate features such as:
> A limited top
speed of 80 mph
> Prevents deactivation of the Traction Control System that
limits tire spin
> Audio system volume limited to 44 percent of maximum volume
> A speed alert chime at 45, 55 or 65 mph
NEW MKS styling
The dedicated Lincoln
design studio has developed a contemporary new look for the 2013 MKS.
Every exterior surface from the A-pillar forward is new, including
the grille, HID headlamps, front fascia, hood and front fenders.
Continuing the new look are fresh 19- and 20-inch aluminum wheels.
At the rear, MKS gets a new fascia, LED tail lamps, exhaust tips and
a new decklid design that improves access to the trunk.
“The original MK vehicles were, in some ways, deliberately
provocative,” said Max Wolff, Lincoln Design Director. “The styling
of the new MKS adds both refinement and elegance to the car while
visually lowering and widening the front end. The continuous bright
surround linking the grille and headlamps is particularly rich and
adds something significant to what is already an expressive,
“We have made the new
MKS interior much more inviting and engaging, with new capacitive
controls and MyLincoln Touch,” said Wolff. “The previous MKS was
very linear and horizontal. Now we have an interior that’s dominated
by lines that sweep up from the center stack and flow out to the
sides. This is a styling cue you’ll see more in future Lincoln
These styling updates transform the 2013 MKS cabin. Subtle ambient
lighting adds to the interior’s luxurious, high-tech environment.
The integration of MyLincoln Touch to the new MKS complements
Lincoln’s most advanced instrumentation and controls to date.
The main instruments feature a central speedometer flanked by two
full-color reconfigurable LCD screens. Content for the 4.2-inch LCDs
is controlled by five-way buttons on the steering wheel. An 8-inch
multi-function LCD touch screen dominates the center stack and
provides the visual and control interface for the entertainment
system, phone, navigation and climate control.
The new MKS offers two
audio systems, both controlled through MyLincoln Touch. The standard
system includes AM/FM/CD/MP3/satellite sources playing through a
210-watt system that drives 10 speakers.
The optional audio system is THX® II Certified Car Audio System with
AM/FM/CD/DVD/ MP3/HD Radio capability and 16 speakers, including a
10-inch subwoofer. SiriusXM satellite radio with six-month prepaid
subscription, an auxiliary input jack and a USB port are also
included. System volume automatically adjusts according to vehicle
speed, while sophisticated digital signal processing provides
spectral balance, a wide dynamic range and exceptional acoustic
performance that brings home-theater sound to the road.
SiriusXM Traffic and SiriusXM Travel Link with voice-activated
navigation controls also are available. A prepaid subscription to
SiriusXM Traffic and Travel Link is included when the available
SD-card based navigation system is selected. MyLincoln Touch and
SYNC enable voice-activated navigation control. In addition to an
easily updateable navigation database, additional SiriusXM Travel
Link features include coast-to-coast weather data, forecasts, fuel
prices, sports scores, movie listings and more.
LUXURIOUS, ORGANIC, COMFORTABLE
Lincoln style is
supported by equipment that enhances occupant comfort. Standard
heated and cooled 12-way adjustable front seats, adjustable pedals
and a power tilt/telescoping steering wheel allow a wide range of
drivers to feel immediately at home behind the wheel.
Class-leading available equipment also includes a retractable rear
sun shade and, new for 2013, multi-contour adjustable front seats
and a heated steering wheel.
Lincoln's available multi-contour seats incorporate seven
computer-controlled air bladders to provide occupants with maximum
adjustment. Four sections in the seat bottom and three in the seat
back can be adjusted. Both driver and passenger seats feature
individual static settings as well as dynamic massage settings.
The seat surfaces are provided by the Bridge of Weir leather
company. Sourced from Scotland, Bridge of Weir leather also can be
found in luxury jets, yachts and furniture. Connoisseurs of fine
materials appreciate these leathers for their natural beauty, and
the company uses a unique organic tanning method which produces a
material free of chromium making it one of the most environmentally
friendly, and fully recyclable, leathers available. French and Deck
seams on all seats add to the interior’s high level of finish.
Seat cushions, head restraints and seat backs are made with soy
foam, which has a lower environmental impact than petroleum-based
foams. In addition, the soy-based materials deliver excellent
performance for both comfort and durability.
A new heated steering
wheel is a welcome option for drivers who live in colder climates. A
thin metal element under the wheel’s leather-wrapped rim can raise
the wheel rim’s surface temperature from minus 4 degrees Fahrenheit
(minus 20 degrees Celsius) to 74F (23C) in five minutes.
New woods (Prussian Burl and Brown Swirl Walnut) and leather colors
(Hazelnut and Light Dune) complete the extensive list of interior
changes for 2013. While there is a consistency to the woods selected
for the interior of the MKS, no two Lincoln interiors featuring
natural woods display the exact same grain pattern.
Lincoln offers a
comprehensive warranty and complimentary maintenance package on all
of its vehicles, including:
50,000-mile complimentary maintenance, which includes coverage
for oil and filter changes, tire rotations and multipoint
inspections for up to eight service visits for all 2011 model
year and newer vehicles
> Four-year, 50,000-mile bumper-to-bumper limited warranty
> Five-year, 60,000-mile safety restraint limited warranty
> Five-year, unlimited mileage corrosion limited warranty
> Six-year, 70,000-mile powertrain limited warranty