(from BMW Press Release) When
the Z4 roadster was introduced a year ago, it was a significant leap
forward from its highly successful Z3 predecessor. Indeed, the Z4’s
debut was much more than just “successor replaces predecessor,” for the
new Z4 roadster put BMW in a more elevated, sophisticated segment of the
To paint the broad strokes: Built on a longer wheelbase than that of the
Z3, the Z4 is also wider and longer – while employing advanced
engineering to keep any associated weight increase to a minimum. More to
the point, the Z4 expresses a traditional concept – that of the two-seat
sport roadster – in utterly new terms of unique design, contemporary
engineering and comprehensive features.
The Z4 places BMW squarely in the field of sophisticated, full-featured
sport roadsters. It comes exclusively with 6-cylinder power and offers a
choice of four transmission types. Its chassis engineering is new,
encompassing multi-link rear suspension, standard run-flat tires and
wheel/tire diameters up to 18 inches. The Z4 offers amenities and
options never before seen in a regular-production BMW roadster. Safety
engineering and features have been further developed.
As was the Z3, the Z4 Series is produced at BMW’s Spartanburg, South
Carolina factory, which employs the most advanced production equipment
and processes and serves all international markets for the Z4. Two
models are offered: the Z4 roadster 2.5i at $33,895 base price including
destination; and the higher-performing, more extensively equipped Z4
roadster 3.0i at $41,045. As with all other 2004 BMWs, these prices
include BMW Full Maintenance for 4 years or 50,000 miles.
The BMW roadster tradition
As new as it is, the Z4 represents a
long-standing BMW tradition. The Bavarian automaker’s roadster lineage
begins in 1935 with the 315/1 and 319/1, two versions of an energetic
little two-seater powered by engines that were small, yet had 6
cylinders. (Even then, engine smoothness and sound were BMW priorities.)
In 1936, the tradition became a legend with the 328 roadster, which
began as a successful racing car, went on to become a beloved sports
car, and finally became one of the great collectibles of its era.
Another great BMW classic was the 507, of which only about 250 were
built in the mid- to late 1950s. Today, this stunningly designed,
V8-powered roadster commands high six-figure prices at collector-car
auctions. Elvis Presley owned one while stationed in Germany with the
Virtually unknown in America, yet also important to BMW’s roadster
lineage, was the Z1 – conceptually amazing, with a fiberglass body and
electrically retracting doors. The Z1 was expensive, built in small
numbers, and offered only overseas.
In 1996, BMW introduced a roadster that would be accessible to many more
customers: the Z3. Designed and engineered to be produced at moderate
prices, the Z3 was an instant, international hit. Over its seven-year
production span, it evolved from a single 4-cylinder model to a line of
6-cylinder roadsters and a coupe. It will be remembered as a relatively
simple, elemental, fun-to-drive machine of typically high BMW quality
and unique style.
With its design inspired by the classic 507, the Z8 made its debut in
2000 as BMW’s highest-performing, highest-technology roadster. It
continues through 2003, completing a limited production run and
commanding the respect of those who test-drove for the media and those
with the means to own it. No one at BMW would be surprised if the Z8,
like so many of the BMW roadsters before it, becomes a significant
The Z4 not only takes its place in this illustrious historical line, but
brings the design and technology of the more popular-priced BMW roadster
to a level that, in many ways, is comparable with what the
limited-production Z8 offers.
Outstanding for an open-bodied vehicle
It is far more challenging to achieve
efficient aerodynamics with an open-body car than with a closed one; yet
BMW’s designers and aerodynamicists achieved major progress. With its
softtop in place, the Z4 has an aerodynamic drag coefficient (CD ) of
just 0.35. And extensive development has minimized drafts around the
faces and upper bodies of Z4 occupants when the top is down: In its May
’03 issue, Road & Track reported that “at a constant 75 mph with the
side windows down, we found the wind only tugging lightly at our cars.”
In a sea of V-6 engines, BMW swims almost
solo with its unusual – but in BMW’s opinion superior – inline-6
configuration. The Z4 roadsters are powered by two versions of the M54
6-cylinder engine family; of the 3.0-liter version powering the Z4 3.0i,
Automobile Magazine (August ’03) wrote that “Its torquey, 3.0-liter six
is always ready to respond.”
In addition to its inline six cylinders, this brilliant engine
• Aluminum construction, contributing to vehicle performance by keeping
down engine weight.
• Dual overhead camshafts and four valves per cylinder, for optimum
torque and power.
• Chain camshaft drive, requiring no periodic replacement.
• Double VANOS steplessly variable valve timing, enhancing torque, power
and emission control.
• Hydraulic valve adjustment for consistent sound and reduced
• Electronic throttle system (“drive by wire”) for smooth, precisely
tuned throttle action and seamless integration of cruise control,
Dynamic Stability Control and other features. This also facilitates an
appealing option: Dynamic Driving Control, about which more later.
• Electronically controlled engine cooling, enabling precise and
purposeful control of engine temperatures; contributes to fuel
efficiency and heater effectiveness.
With all these elements of engine architecture shared, two versions of
this powerplant power the two Z4 models:
Z4 2.5i. 2.5-liter, with 184
horsepower and 175 lb.-ft. of torque. This unit delivers 0 to 60 mph
in 7.1 sec. (manual trans., BMW AG test results) and achieves the
amazing top speed of 146 mph. Its EPA mileage ratings are impressive
too: 20 mpg city/28 mpg highway with 5-speed manual transmission,
20/29 with the optional 6-speed Sequential Manual Gearbox (SMG), and
fully 21/28 with the available 5-speed automatic. Top speed is 137 mph
with the 5-speed, 146 with SMG and 141 with the automatic.
Z4 3.0i. 3.0-liter, with 225 hp and
214 lb-ft. of torque. This version is further refined for an even more
exciting sound. Motor Trend noted in its May ’03 issue that “It
delivers an impressive amount of power, with vibration evident only by
its absence…Underway, dual exhaust tips broadcast a turbine-like
mechanical growl that’s wired directly to the driver’s right foot.”
This engine powers the Z4 3.0i to 60 mph in just 5.9 sec. with the
standard 6-speed manual transmission or optional SMG, and reaches 60
mph in only a tick more at 6.0 sec. with automatic (BMW AG test
results). Top speed is electronically limited to 155 mph with the
manual transmission or SMG; with the automatic it is a “natural” 152
mph. With its manual transmission, the Z4 3.0i earns excellent EPA
mileage ratings of 21 mpg city / 29 mpg highway; with SMG the ratings
are 20/29 and with automatic 19/27.
5- and 6-speed manual transmissions
While the 2.5i model’s standard transmission is a 5-speed manual,
standard in the 3.0i is a 6-speed unit. Weighing no more than the
5-speed, this “gearbox” incorporates refinements for even greater
driving pleasure (and BMWs are already known for excellent manual
• Even more effective synchronization of shifting
• Sportier shifting, via a 20-mm (0.8-in.) shorter shift lever and 10-mm
(0.4-in) shorter shift “throws” from neutral to each gear.
Available for both models is the 5-speed
STEPTRONIC unit that has garnered repeated praise from auto critics.
Like all other current BMW automatics, it incorporates –
• A Sport mode that programs automatic shifts at higher engine speeds
• A Manual mode, which lets the driver choose shifts manually by
“flicking” the lever rearward or forward. Though basically similar to
the transmission offered in other BMW 6-cylinder models, it is specially
tailored to the Z4 with a “tighter” torque converter (thus a more direct
response feel) and specific shift characteristics.
“Third way”: The
Sequential Manual Gearbox
BMW currently offers two types of
Sequential Manual Gearbox (SMG), both of which apply
electrohydraulically actuated, electronically or driver-controlled
shifting to a 6-speed manual transmission. Available on the
super-performance M3 models is the very elaborate DRIVELOGIC version,
which offers drivers a total of 11 shift programs. The version offered
as optional equipment for Z4 roadsters (and, for ’04, the 3 and 5 Series
as well) is engineered for performance, convenience and (above all)
driving pleasure; it offers a total of four shift programs:
• In its Automated mode, labeled D, a Normal program, and a Sport mode
that executes shifts at higher engine speeds and makes the shifts
• In its Manual mode, also a Normal and a Sport program; here the Sport
program makes the shifts quicker, but the driver determines when the
In either mode, the Sport program is selected via a button on the
There is no clutch pedal. The driver selects the desired operating range
(N, R, D, S = Sequential) with a console-mounted selector lever, and can
execute manual shifts with that lever or with two “paddles” on the
steering wheel. After starting the engine (which requires putting the
lever in N and applying the brake pedal), the driver moves the lever to
the right; this selects the Sequential mode, in which each tap of the
lever or paddle(s) shifts the transmission up or down one gear. Moving
the lever to the right toggles the unit to its Drive mode, in which
shifts occur without the driver’s intervention. To revert to Sequential
shifting, the driver can toggle the lever to the right again (and simply
tap it toward “+” for an upshift or “–” for a downshift) or toggle one
of the steering-wheel-mounted shift paddles. By pulling either steering
wheel-mounted paddle, an upshift is executed. Pushing either paddle with
your thumb produces a smooth downshift.
In either the Drive or the Sequential mode, an instrument-cluster
display indicates the gear currently engaged. In Drive, a “D” is
displayed next to the gear. When the Sport program is activated, an
orange indicator light next to the Sport button illuminates.
Though SMG does offer automated shifting, it is not meant to serve as a
conventional automatic transmission; that role is played by the also
available STEPTRONIC automatic. Just as with a manual transmission,
power is interrupted for shifts – though in hard, performance-oriented
driving the shifts can be stunningly quick. SMG’s appeal lies in these
• It is a racing technology, pioneered in Formula 1 competition and
predominant in that sport today.
• It offers a new kind of actively enjoyable driving, and fascinating
new things for an enthusiastic driver to learn.
• Relative to a manual transmission, it entails no performance loss and
minimal increase in fuel consumption. In fact, it can match or even
exceed the performance achieved by an expert driver.
Z4 running gear: This
roadster is glued to the road
The Z4 raises enthusiasts’ expectations
of how a sports car should handle. Starting with a brand-new
body/chassis structure, BMW chassis engineers developed a sports-car
platform that is almost literally glued to the road. The basis for this
remarkable platform is a body/chassis structure with exceptional
stiffness for a roadster; it achieves 21 Hertz – truly outstanding for a
roadster, and close to the 25-26 Hz of today’s BMW sedans. A number of
specific features contribute to this rigidity:
• Y-form front longitudinal members. Each chassis rail carrying the
engine (one per side) branches into a “Y” to form a side sill and half
of the central tunnel. In this regard, the Z4 is similar to the Z8
roadster (though the Z8 structure is of aluminum, the Z4’s of steel).
• The side sills are configured to achieve maximum rigidity within
acceptable bulk. (It’s not acceptable simply to make them huge; this
would cut into passenger space or make the car too bulky.)
• The underbody (floor pan) is designed to spread its strength evenly
over its entire length and width.
• The underbody is further reinforced by two thrust plates, similar to
those employed in the M3 models. The front one is of aluminum, the rear
of steel. Also as in M3s, there are reinforcing braces from the front
suspension’s strut towers to the cowl area.
• High-strength steels are employed extensively for best strength
without excess weight.
• To save additional weight, the hood is of aluminum.
In general terms, the Z4 suspension system applies concepts familiar
from the 3 Series. Now, imagine a further developed system in vehicles
almost 300 pounds lighter and with a significantly lower center of
gravity, and you get an idea of the Z4’s potential. Here are the
Strut-type front suspension. with notable features:
• Forged aluminum lower arms, to reduce unsprung weight and thus improve
ride and handling on rough road surfaces.
• Hollow strut rods, vs. solid; these weight 10% less than conventional
• Relatively large positive caster to improve straight-line stability.
• Wide track – 58.0 in.
Central Link rear suspension, a multi-link concept. The Central Link
from which the system derives its name is a large, curved longitudinal
arm, pivoted directly ahead of the rear wheel’s vertical and horizontal
centerpoint on a large rubber bushing of highly sophisticated design.
Each wheel also has an upper and a lower lateral arm, for a total of
three links per wheel. The system contributes to remarkable handling and
riding comfort, yet is simpler than many multi-link concepts. Salient
• Wide track, 60.0 in.
• Relatively large negative camber angles. Z4s have 2.25˚ negative
camber at rest, visible in a slight inward tilt of the tops of the rear
• Extra-firm forward bushings for the subframe that carries the
• Aluminum upper transverse links to help reduce unsprung weight.
Overall suspension calibration. To underscore the Z4’s sporting nature,
relatively firm springs, shock absorbers and anti-roll (stabilizer) bars
have been adapted. This means a firm ride and very “flat” cornering.
Because the standard suspension calibration is inherently sporty and the
standard run-flat performance tires are relatively stiff, the available
sport suspension (included in each model’s Sport Package) does not
employ firmer springs, shock absorbers and anti-roll bars as is
customary with BMW sport suspension. Instead, its only difference is a
15-mm (0.6-in.) lower ride height.
Every Sport Package-equipped Z4 comes with Dynamic Driving Control,
which provides a Sport button on the console that selects –
• Firmer steering effort (less power assist) via the electric power
• Quicker accelerator response via the “drive by wire” throttle system
• In vehicles with automatic transmission, an additional Sport mode
beyond that selected with the shift lever.
steering: innovation with significant benefits
The Z4 incorporates an electric power
steering system: the steering is assisted by an electric servo motor
rather than the conventional hydraulic pump. Among the benefits of this
• Facilitates specific tuning of steering to the vehicle – shock
damping, on-center feel, return to center position, overall steering
feel – via software.
• Vehicle-speed-sensitive power assist (Servotronic).
• Reduced vehicle fuel consumption, because the electric motor operates
only when the steering wheel is turned.
The servo motor applies its assist to the upper portion of the steering
column; its control electronics are in a housing mounted directly to the
The Z4 3.0i gets ventilated rear discs,
and both models have larger-diameter rear discs than those of their Z3
predecessor. Equipment is as follows:
• 2.5i – Ventilated front discs of 286-mm/11.3-in. diameter; solid rear
discs of 280-mm/11.0-in. diameter.
• 3.0i – Ventilated front discs of 300-mm/11.8-in. diameter; ventilated
rear discs of 294-mm/11.6-in. diameter.
BMW has applied two refinements to the handbrake mechanism. One is a
self-adjusting actuating cable, reducing the need for periodic
adjustment; the other is a newly designed cable linkage that ensures
equal handbrake force on both rear wheels.
Every Z4 comes standard with BMW’s
Run-Flat Combination (RFC), an important step forward in personal
safety, convenience and in-vehicle space utilization.
The system consists of self-supporting tires, special wheel rims and a
Flat Tire Monitor. The tires have special sidewalls that include
specific inserts and highly heat-resistant rubber compounds. These
features allow a deflated tire to maintain its essential shape and
guidance characteristics for a considerable distance.
While maintaining the handling and safety standards of high-performance
tires, the RFC system offers these advantages:
No roadside tire changes. It will be seldom, if ever, necessary to stop
and change a damaged tire. When confronted with a flat (a condition
revealed to the driver by the Flat Tire Monitor), the driver can
continue on for up to 90 miles at speeds up to 50 mph until reaching a
safe and/or convenient place to have the tire repaired or replaced.
Tire stays on rim, thanks to specially developed wheel rims.
Stability systems remain functional. All Dynamic Stability Control
functions remain fully in effect, even with a deflated tire.
Increased trunk space. With RFC, no spare is needed, so the trunk can be
Weight savings. The weight of a spare tire is eliminated.